Arrival of Aryans
Indo-Aryan-speaking people came from the northwest mountains and settled in the northwest of Punjab and later in the Gangetic plains where they were known as Aryans or Indo-Aryans. These people spoke Indo-Iranian, Indo-European or Sanskrit languages. There is no correct information about the origin of Aryan, different scholars have different views on it. It has been said that the Aryans lived in the East (Eurasia), Central Asia, the Arctic region, Germany, and southern Russia.
The Aryans were called people who spoke the ancient Indo-European language and who thought of settling in ancient Iran and the northeastern continents. The Aryans settled in India before the Vedic period. It was called Saptasindhu or the land of the seven rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Indus and Saraswati.
1500 BC And 600 BC The era was divided into the earlier Vedic era (Rig Vedic period) and the later Vedic age.
Pre-Vedic period: 1500 – 1000 BC This was the era when the Aryans could invade India.
Later Vedic period (1000 – 600 BC)
Vedic period features
The word Veda, derived from the foundation of words, means “to know” or “higher learning”. There are four important Vedas:
Rig Veda: It is composed of 10 books and contains 1028 hymns sung for different gods. Mandal II to VII was known as family books as it was based on family stories like Gritamsada, Vishwamitra, Bamdev, Aarti, Bhardwaj, and Vasistha.
Yajurveda: It tells about political life, social life, rules and rules which we should follow.
Samaveda: It is a book of kirtan and prayers and contains 1810 hymns.
Atharvaveda: It is based on magical words, Indian medicines, and folk dances.
They belong to the second category of the Vedas and are related to the ceremonies of prayer and sacrifices.
The Tandyamaha Brahmin was considered to be the oldest Brahmin and has many mythological stories.
Vratyasoma is a ceremony in which non-Aryans were converted into Aryans by these mythological stories.
Satapatha is a very important and elaborate Brahmin. It tells about philosophy, religion, style, and customs of the Vedic period.
The last part of the Brahmin was Aranyakas. Its two parts were associated with the Rigveda; Aitareya and Kausitaki.
108 types of philosophies are directly related to the soul. These are called Upanishads.
Brihadarnayaka and Chandogya are the oldest Upanishads.
The word “Satyameva Jayate” is taken from Mundaka Upanishad.
Struggle of Aryan
The first squad of Aryans made about 1500 B in India. Invaded in C.
They had to contend with the original inhabitants of India such as slaves and day.
Although Das was never incited by Aryan to invade, Dasu’s murder is mentioned repeatedly in the Rig Veda.
Indra is also mentioned in the Rig Veda by the name of Pandora, which is also known as the breaking of forts.
The forts of the former Aryan have also been mentioned due to the Harappan culture.
The Aryans were able to conquer the original inhabitants also because they had better weapons, chariots, and chariots with horses.
Aryans were busy in two types of struggles, indigenous people and in themselves.
Aryans were divided into five tribal castes called Panchajans and also received help from non-Aryans.
The country of India was named after King Bharata.
India was ruled by the king of Bharata gotra and he also had to face opposition from ten kings; Five Aryans and five non-Aryans.
The war between them was known as the Battle of the Ten Kings or the Dasarajan War.
The war on the Parushni or Ravi river was won by the Sud.
Later, Bharata tied up with Puru to form a new gotra named Kuru.
In the later Vedic era Kuru and Panchalas played an important role in the politics of the upper Gangetic plateaus where they ruled together.
Rivers in the Vedic period
The term Sapta Sindhu or group of seven main rivers is mentioned in the Rig Veda of India.
They were seven rivers:
Indus in the west